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 程式師世界 >> 編程語言 >> 網頁編程 >> JSP編程 >> 關於JSP >> jsp+servlet實現最簡單的增刪改查代碼分享

jsp+servlet實現最簡單的增刪改查代碼分享

日期:2017/4/17 16:05:54      編輯:關於JSP

話不多說,請看代碼

package ceet.ac.cn.dao;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.PreparedStatement;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import ceet.ac.cn.model.Admin;
public class AdminDao {
 public List<Admin> getAllAdmin(){ //查詢所有信息
 List<Admin> list = new ArrayList<Admin>(); //創建集合
 Connection conn = DbHelper.getConnection();
 String sql = "select * from admin"; //SQL查詢語句
 try {
  PreparedStatement pst = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
  ResultSet rst = pst.executeQuery();
  while (rst.next()) {
  Admin admin = new Admin();
  admin.setId(rst.getInt("id")); //得到ID
  admin.setUsername(rst.getString("username"));
  admin.setUserpwd(rst.getString("userpwd"));
  list.add(admin);
  }
  rst.close(); //關閉
  pst.close(); //關閉
 } catch (SQLException e) {
  e.printStackTrace(); //拋出異常
 }
 return list; //返回一個集合
 }
 public boolean addAdmin(Admin admin){ //添加信息
 String sql = "INSERT INTO `admin`(`id`,`username`,`userpwd`) VALUES (?,?,?)"; //添加的SQL語句
 Connection conn = DbHelper.getConnection();
 try {
  PreparedStatement pst = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
  pst.setInt(1, admin.getId());
  pst.setString(2, admin.getUsername());
  pst.setString(3, admin.getUserpwd());
  int count = pst.executeUpdate();
  pst.close();
  return count>0?true:false; //是否添加的判斷
 } catch (SQLException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
 }
 return false;
 }
 public boolean updateAdmin(Admin admin){ //修改
 String sql = "UPDATE `admin` SET `username`=?,`userpwd`=? WHERE `id` = ?"; //修改的SQL語句,根據ID修改
 Connection conn = DbHelper.getConnection();
 try {
  PreparedStatement pst = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
  pst.setString(1, admin.getUsername());
  pst.setString(2, admin.getUserpwd());
  pst.setInt(3, admin.getId()); //根據的ID
  int count = pst.executeUpdate();
  pst.close(); //關閉
  return count>0?true:false; //是否修改的判斷
 } catch (SQLException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
 }
 return false;
 }
 public boolean deleteAdmin(int id){ //刪除
 String sql = "delete from admin where id = ?"; //刪除的SQL語句,根據ID刪除
 Connection conn = DbHelper.getConnection();
 try {
  PreparedStatement pst = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
  pst.setInt(1, id);
  int count = pst.executeUpdate();
  pst.close();
  return count>0?true:false; //是否刪除的判斷
 } catch (SQLException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
 }
 return false;
 }
 public Admin selectAdminById(int id){ //根據ID進行查詢
 Connection conn = DbHelper.getConnection();
 String sql = "select * from admin where id = "+id;
 Admin admin = null;
 try {
  PreparedStatement pst = conn.prepareStatement(sql);
  ResultSet rst = pst.executeQuery();
  while (rst.next()) {
  admin = new Admin();
  admin.setId(rst.getInt("id"));
  admin.setUsername(rst.getString("username"));
  admin.setUserpwd(rst.getString("userpwd"));
  }
  rst.close();
  pst.close();
 } catch (SQLException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
 }
 return admin; //返回
 }
}
package ceet.ac.cn.dao;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
/**
 * 連接數據庫
 * @author 畫船聽雨眠
 *
 */
public class DbHelper {
 private static String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/admin"; //數據庫地址
 private static String userName = "root"; //數據庫用戶名
 private static String passWord = "359129127"; //數據庫密碼
 private static Connection conn = null;
 private DbHelper(){
 }
 public static Connection getConnection(){
 if(null == conn){
  try {
  Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");
  conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, userName, passWord);
  } catch (Exception e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
  }
 }
 return conn;
 }
 public static void main(String[] args) { //測試數據庫是否連通
 System.err.println(getConnection());
 }
}
package ceet.ac.cn.model;
import java.io.Serializable;
public class Admin implements Serializable{ //數據封裝類
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 private int id;
 private String username;
 private String userpwd;
 public int getId() {
 return id;
 }
 public void setId(int id) {
 this.id = id;
 }
 public String getUsername() {
 return username;
 }
 public void setUsername(String username) {
 this.username = username;
 }
 public String getUserpwd() {
 return userpwd;
 }
 public void setUserpwd(String userpwd) {
 this.userpwd = userpwd;
 }
}
package ceet.ac.cn.servlet;
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import ceet.ac.cn.dao.AdminDao;
import ceet.ac.cn.model.Admin;
public class AddServlet extends HttpServlet{ //添加數據
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException {
 this.doPost(req, resp);
 }
 protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException {
 String username = req.getParameter("username");
 String userpwd = req.getParameter("userpwd");
 Admin admin = new Admin();
 admin.setUsername(new String(username.getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8")); //轉值,中文需要轉換為utf-8
 admin.setUserpwd(new String(userpwd.getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8"));
 AdminDao dao = new AdminDao();
 dao.addAdmin(admin);
 req.getRequestDispatcher("ShowServlet").forward(req, resp);
 } 
}
package ceet.ac.cn.servlet;
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import ceet.ac.cn.dao.AdminDao;
public class DeleteServlet extends HttpServlet{ //刪除數據
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException {
 this.doPost(req, resp);
 }
 protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException {
 String idStr = req.getParameter("id"); //刪除數據的ID,根據ID刪除
 if(idStr != null && !idStr.equals("")){
  int id = Integer.valueOf(idStr);
  AdminDao dao = new AdminDao();
  dao.deleteAdmin(id);
 }
 req.getRequestDispatcher("ShowServlet").forward(req, resp);
 }
}
package ceet.ac.cn.servlet;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import ceet.ac.cn.dao.AdminDao;
import ceet.ac.cn.model.Admin;
public class ShowServlet extends HttpServlet{ //顯示全部數據
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException {
 this.doPost(req, resp);
 }
 protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException {
 AdminDao dao = new AdminDao();
 List<Admin> list = dao.getAllAdmin();
 req.setAttribute("list", list);
 req.getRequestDispatcher("index.jsp").forward(req, resp);
 } 
}
package ceet.ac.cn.servlet;
import java.io.IOException;
import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import ceet.ac.cn.dao.AdminDao;
import ceet.ac.cn.model.Admin;
public class UpdateServlet extends HttpServlet{ //修改
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
 protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException { //查詢到選中ID的值所對應的數據
 String idStr = req.getParameter("id");
 if(idStr != null && !idStr.equals("")){
  int id = Integer.valueOf(idStr);
  AdminDao dao = new AdminDao();
  Admin admin = dao.selectAdminById(id);
  req.setAttribute("admin", admin);
 }
 req.getRequestDispatcher("update.jsp").forward(req, resp);

 }
 protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp)
  throws ServletException, IOException { //根據此ID對數據的值進行修改
 String username = req.getParameter("username");
 String userpwd = req.getParameter("userpwd");
 String idStr = req.getParameter("id");
 Admin admin = new Admin();
 admin.setId(Integer.valueOf(idStr));
 admin.setUsername(new String(username.getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8"));
 admin.setUserpwd(new String(userpwd.getBytes("ISO-8859-1"),"UTF-8"));
 AdminDao dao = new AdminDao();
 dao.updateAdmin(admin);
 req.getRequestDispatcher("ShowServlet").forward(req, resp);
 }
}
<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
 <head> 
 <title>添加</title>
 <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/index.css" type="text/css" />
 </head>
 <body>
 <form action="AddServlet" method="post">
 <table border="1" class="t1">
 <tr>
  <td colspan="2"><h1>添加管理員</h1></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td>管理員帳號:</td>
  <td><input type="text" name="username"/></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td>管理員密碼:</td>
  <td><input type="password" name="userpwd"/></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td colspan="2">
  <input type="submit" value="提交"/>
  <input type="reset" value="清空"/>
  </td>
 </tr>
 </table>
 </form>
 </body>
</html>
<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=utf-8"
 pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<title>顯示</title>
 <style type="text/css">
  table {
  border: 1px solid pink;
  margin: 0 auto;
  }
  td{
  width: 150px;
  border: 1px solid pink;
  text-align: center;
  }
 </style>
</head>
<body>
 <table>
 <tr>
  <td>編號</td>
  <td>帳號</td>
  <td>密碼</td>
  <td>操作</td>
 </tr>
 <c:forEach items="${list}" var="item">
  <tr>
  <td>${item.id }</td>
  <td>${item.username }</td>
  <td>${item.userpwd }</td>
  <td><a href="DeleteServlet?id=${item.id }">刪除</a>|<a href="UpdateServlet?id=${item.id }">修改</a></td>
  </tr>
 </c:forEach>
 <tr>
  <td colspan="6" ><a href="add.jsp">添加管理員</a></td>
 </tr>
 </table>
</body>
</html>
<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
 <head> 
 <title>修改</title>
 <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/index.css" type="text/css" />
 </head>
 <body>
 <form action="UpdateServlet" method="post">
 <table border="1" class="t1">
 <tr>
  <td colspan="2"><h1>修改管理員信息</h1></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td>編號:</td>
  <td><input type="text" name="id" value="${admin.id}" readonly="readonly"/></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td>管理員帳號:</td>
  <td><input type="text" name="username" value="${admin.username}"/></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td>管理員密碼:</td>
  <td><input type="text" name="userpwd" value="${admin.userpwd}"/></td>
 </tr>
 <tr>
  <td colspan="2">
  <input type="submit" value="提交"/>
  <input type="button" value="返回" onclick="history.go(-1)"/>
  </td>
 </tr>
 </table>
 </form>
 </body>
</html>
@CHARSET "UTF-8";
 table.t1 {
  margin-top:10px;
  margin-left:20px;
  margin-right:20px;
  margin-bottom:5px;
  #background-color: #FFF;
  #background:#EEF4F9;
  #border: none;
  border: 1;
  #color:#003755;
  border-collapse:collapse;
  font: 14px "宋體";
  text-align: center;
 }
 table.t1 th{
  background:#7CB8E2;
  color:#fff;
  padding:6px 4px;
  text-align:center;
 }
 table.t1 td{
  background:#C7DDEE none repeat-x scroll center left;
  color:#000;
  padding:4px 2px;
 }
 table.t1 a{
  text-decoration:none;
  height:1em;
 }
 table.t1 a:link, table.t1 a:visited{
  color:#3366CC;
 }
 table.t1 a:hover{
  color:#B50000;
  text-decoration:underline;
 }

最簡單的jsp+servlet的增刪改查代碼。寫的很清楚,就這樣了。

實現原理:

每行數據後面加一個編輯和刪除按鈕,按鈕提交到後台並且帶有此行數據的主要參數。

點擊編輯按鈕,通過servlet操作jsp將此行的每一列替換為一個文本框並把已有的值帶進去,後面一個提交按鈕通過submit提交數據並將文本框重新變為表格的單元格。

新增,就像編輯一樣,添加一行,全部是文本框。。。

以上就是本文的全部內容,希望本文的內容對大家的學習或者工作能帶來一定的幫助,同時也希望多多支持!

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